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Waste Water Treatment

Navigating the Waters of Wastewater Treatment

A Clean TeQ Water Guide

Innovative Technology
Customised Solutions

What Is Waste Water Treatment?

Wastewater treatment is a process designed to remove impurities and contaminants from used water, making it safe to discharge into the environment or suitable for reuse. It is a crucial step in maintaining public health, protecting the environment, and conserving water resources. Wastewater treatment typically involves several physical, chemical, and biological processes to ensure the removal of various pollutants and contaminants present in wastewater.

Objectives of Waste Water Treatment

Wastewater, often laden with pollutants and contaminants, flows through our cities and industries every day. Without proper treatment, it can have dire consequences for the environment and human health. Here’s why wastewater treatment matters:

1. Environmental Protection:

Untreated wastewater can harm aquatic ecosystems, disrupt natural habitats, and contaminate water bodies. Effective treatment is essential to minimize these negative impacts.

2. Public Health:

Wastewater can carry pathogens and harmful chemicals, posing significant health risks if it enters our water supply. Proper treatment ensures safe water for consumption and recreational use.

3. Resource Conservation:

Treated wastewater can be a valuable resource for irrigation, industrial processes, and even potable water supply augmentation, reducing the demand for freshwater.

4. Regulatory Compliance:

To meet environmental regulations and discharge permits, industries and municipalities must treat their wastewater efficiently. Clean TeQ Water’s solutions can help you stay compliant.

Steps in Wastewater Treatment

Waste water treatment involves range of steps which are applicable depending on the industry check the list of different steps below.

  1. Preliminary Treatment:

    This is the first stage of wastewater treatment, where large debris such as sticks, leaves, and gravel is removed. This step helps protect pumps and equipment downstream from damage.

  2. Primary Treatment:

    In this phase, wastewater is held in large tanks or settling basins to allow solid particles, oils, and grease to separate and settle. This primary treatment helps remove a significant portion of the suspended solids from the wastewater.

  3. Secondary Treatment:

    Secondary treatment is a biological process where microorganisms are introduced to consume organic materials, such as bacteria and nutrients, that remain in the wastewater after primary treatment. Common secondary treatment methods include activated sludge, trickling filters, and lagoon systems.

  4. Tertiary Treatment:

    Some treatment facilities use tertiary treatment to further purify the water, especially when it needs to meet higher water quality standards. Tertiary treatment often involves advanced filtration methods, chemical treatment, or additional biological processes.

  5. Disinfection:

    Before the treated water is discharged into the environment or reused, it undergoes a disinfection process to kill any remaining harmful microorganisms. Common disinfection methods include chlorination, ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and ozonation.

  6. Sludge Management:

    During primary and secondary treatment, solid materials are separated from the wastewater to form sludge. This sludge is treated separately, often through processes like digestion or dewatering, and can be used for various purposes such as generating biogas or producing fertilizer.

  7. Effluent Disposal or Reuse:

    The final treated wastewater, known as effluent, can be safely discharged into the environment, often into rivers or oceans, or reused for non-potable purposes like irrigation, industrial processes, or groundwater recharge.

Benefits of Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater treatment is a cornerstone of responsible water management with far-reaching benefits that extend across environmental, public health, sustainability, and regulatory domains.

1. Environmental Protection:

Preservation of Aquatic Ecosystems: Wastewater treatment stands as a formidable guardian of our aquatic ecosystems. By removing contaminants and pollutants, it shields fragile ecosystems from the ravages of pollution, preserving the health and diversity of our rivers, lakes, and oceans. Clean water is vital for the survival of countless aquatic species and the balance of delicate ecosystems.

Mitigation of Pollution: Beyond safeguarding aquatic life, wastewater treatment also contributes significantly to reducing overall environmental pollution. By preventing untreated wastewater from entering natural water bodies, it curtails the spread of harmful chemicals, heavy metals, and pathogens, thereby maintaining the ecological integrity of these invaluable resources.

2. Public Health:

Safe Drinking Water: The paramount importance of clean water for public health cannot be overstated. Wastewater treatment ensures that drinking water sources remain uncontaminated, safeguarding the well-being of communities. It plays a pivotal role in averting waterborne diseases that can have devastating consequences, particularly in regions where access to clean water is scarce.

Prevention of Waterborne Diseases: Wastewater treatment is an unsung hero in the battle against waterborne diseases. By effectively eliminating pathogens and harmful microorganisms, it prevents the transmission of diseases like cholera, dysentery, and typhoid, enhancing the quality of life for millions.

3. Sustainable Water Management:

Resource Conservation: In an era where water resources are increasingly scarce and precious, wastewater treatment enables the responsible management and conservation of this invaluable resource. Treated wastewater can be safely returned to the environment or reclaimed for various uses, reducing the strain on dwindling freshwater sources and promoting a sustainable water cycle.

Reduced Water Demand: By facilitating water recycling and reuse, wastewater treatment helps mitigate the demand for fresh water, especially in water-stressed regions. This conservation aspect is instrumental in addressing the challenges of growing populations and climate change.

4. Regulatory Compliance:

Environmental Responsibility: Compliance with environmental regulations is not merely a legal obligation; it reflects an organization’s commitment to environmental responsibility. Wastewater treatment ensures that businesses and municipalities adhere to stringent standards, minimizing their ecological footprint and reducing the risk of penalties or legal action.

Community Trust: Demonstrating adherence to regulatory requirements fosters community trust and confidence in organizations. Public support is vital for businesses and authorities, and responsible wastewater treatment reinforces their commitment to protecting the environment and public health.

In essence, wastewater treatment is the linchpin that upholds environmental integrity, public health, sustainability, and legal compliance. Its multifaceted benefits resonate far and wide, underpinning the foundation of a cleaner, healthier, and more responsible world.

Sectors and Authorities Benefiting from Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater treatment services play a pivotal role in meeting the unique needs of various sectors and authorities throughout Australia. Clean Teq Water is dedicated to providing custom-tailored solutions that address the specific wastewater challenges faced by these diverse entities while ensuring environmental responsibility and regulatory compliance.

1. Municipalities and Local Governments:

Municipal wastewater treatment plants are the backbone of urban communities, guaranteeing access to clean water while safeguarding the environment by responsibly treating and discharging wastewater.

2. Industrial Facilities:

Industries such as mining, manufacturing, food processing, and chemicals grapple with intricate wastewater compositions. Specialized treatment is imperative to meet stringent environmental regulations and maintain responsible operations.

3. Agriculture:

Farms and agricultural operations frequently contend with wastewater contaminated by nutrients and pesticides. Wastewater treatment is essential to prevent agricultural runoff from jeopardizing natural waterways and ecosystems.

4. Mining and Resources:

The mining sector deals with wastewater characterized by elevated levels of metals and minerals. Effective treatment is indispensable to mitigate the environmental impact and sustainably manage these valuable resources.

Clean Teq Water’s expertise extends across this diverse spectrum of entities and authorities. We offer tailored wastewater treatment solutions that precisely address the distinctive challenges faced by each sector. Our commitment to environmental stewardship, regulatory compliance, and sustainable practices underscores our mission to protect Australia’s water resources and the communities that depend on them.

The Clean TeQ Water Approach to Wastewater Treatment

At Clean TeQ Water, our mission is to provide innovative and sustainable wastewater treatment solutions. Our expertise lies in developing and implementing advanced technologies that make the treatment process more efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly. Here’s an overview of our approach:

1. Advanced Filtration Technologies:

We employ cutting-edge filtration technologies, including Continuous Ionic Filtration (CIF®) and DESALX®, to remove impurities, heavy metals, and contaminants from wastewater. These technologies offer high efficiency and low operating costs.

2. Biological Treatment:

Clean Teq Water utilizes biological treatment processes to break down organic matter and nutrients in wastewater. Our BIOCLENS® technology uses bacteria encapsulated in lenses as a biocatalyst to enhance and accelerate natural biological processes which break down organic matter.

3. Chemical Precipitation:

We harness the power of chemical reactions to remove specific contaminants like heavy metals, phosphorus, and suspended solids, ensuring the highest water quality standards.  For example our PHOSPHIX® technology is a combination of our Continuous Ionic Filtration (CIF®) technology and chemical precipitation. This phosphate technology involves the ion exchange process selectively removing phosphate from the water.

4. Reuse and Resource Recovery:

Clean TeQ Water’s CLEAN-IX® technology provides highly efficient extraction and purification of a range of metals from slurries and solutions. We focus on recovering valuable resources from wastewater, such as metals including copper, gold, uranium, and vanadium.

Clean TeQ's Waste Water Treatment Industries

1. Food & Beverage

The food and beverage industry is one of the world’s largest water users, with an estimated 70% of all extracted freshwater used for agriculture alone. We can help you meet the environmental discharge limits and improve water efficiency.

2. Industrial Water

Achieve the desired water quality requirements for use, reuse, or compliant discharge to the environment

3. Mining Water

Clean TeQ can help mining industry clients with range of solutions from hardness removal and targeted metal removal/recovery to dewatering.

4. Municipal Wastewater

CNQ can help clients with multiple solutions including the targeted nitrate removal and contaminant removal solutions to tertiary/advanced treatment solutions for municipal water reuse.


Wastewater treatment stands as an intricate and indispensable endeavor, a cornerstone of both environmental preservation and public well-being. Here at Clean TeQ Water, we stand at the vanguard of this critical domain, delivering state-of-the-art technologies and sustainable answers to confront the complexities of wastewater treatment headlong. In unity, we can traverse the currents of wastewater treatment, crafting a future that is not just cleaner but also more sustainable. If you seek wastewater treatment solutions that harmonize innovation with a steadfast commitment to environmental stewardship, we invite you to forge a partnership with Clean TeQ Water, illuminating the path toward a brighter, more pristine tomorrow.

Why Clean TEQ Water?


Case Studies

Agricultural Salt Recycling Plant, Australia

34 m3/day EVAPX® plant to treat brine and recover salt in New South Wales, Australia.

Nitrate Removal from Coal Mine Water, China

12MLD BIONEX™ plant polishing nitrate to < 1ppm in China.

Gold Mine Wastewater Treatment Plant, Australia

2MLD DESALX® plant removing hardness and sulphate, producing water suitable for aquifer reinjection.

Processing Plant Water Treatment, Oman

Treating multiple waste streams using the 0.5MLD plant, producing industrial quality water for reuse.

Waste Heat Evaporation and Crystallisation, China

360 kL/day EVAPX® plant for RO brine using waste steam as a heat source for lower capital and operating costs.

Evaporation and Crystallisation, Yulin

300 kL/day EVAPX® plant for ZLD industrial brine treatment

Treatment of Wastewater for VOC and BOD, Czech Republic

BIOCLENS® were used to remove VOC from 70m3/h of industrial wastewater.

Tertiary Nitrate Treatment at a WWTP, Czech Republic

BIOCLENS® treatment of 12.5 m3/h to below 10mg/L nitrate.

Post-Denitrification at a WWTP, Czech Republic

BIOCLENS® system to polish 5 m3/h of effluent to below 2mg/L nitrate.

Waste Water Treatment Plant Reuse, Western Australia

Comparison of a 42m3/h CIF system compared to MF/RO for municipal reuse

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